Haemaphysalis concinna

© Michiel Wijnveld (2022)

Haemaphysalis concinna is one of the least studied tick species that can bite humans. The complete life cycle can take about three years to complete in nature. Similar to I. ricinus, this tick species is also a three-host. During every active life stage, this tick species will feed, drop off, moult and search for a new host.

All active life stages (i.e., larvae, nymph, and adult) climb the vegetation in search for hosts. This tick species is active during the same seasons as I. ricinus (late spring, summer and early autumn) in central Europe.

This tick species is associated with several pathogens such as:

Anaplasma bovis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia spp., Borrelia burgdorferi s.l., Coxiella burnetii, Francisella tularensis, Rickettsia heilongjiangensis, Rickettsia helvetica, Rickettsia sibirica, Theileria sp. closely related to Theileria capreoli and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) complex viruses. However, it is currently still unknown if this tick species can transmit all of these microorganisms. Further studies are required to accurately assess the vector capacity of this tick species.